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Reduced Sperm Count: Causes and Solutions

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Lower sperm count, also known as oligospermia, is a condition in which the amount of sperm in a man’s semen is beneath the normal range. There are a number of underlying causes for low sperm count, and treatment options may vary depending on the underlying cause. Here are a few possible causes and treatments for a low sperm count:


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Hormonal imbalances: Low levels of testosterone or elevated levels of oestrogen can affect sperm production.

Varicocele: A inflammation of the veins that drain the testicle that can impair sperm count and quality.

Infections: Certain infections, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), can cause damage to the testicles and interfere with sperm production.

Medications: Certain medications, such as steroids, chemotherapy, and some antibiotics, can reduce sperm count.

Behavioral elements: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, a poor diet, and lack of physical activity are all unhealthy behaviors that can contribute to a low sperm count.


Hormone Therapy: In order to boost testosterone levels and enhance sperm production, hormone replacement therapy may be used.

Surgery: In instances in which varicoceles are the reason, surgery may be used to remove the swollen veins and enhance sperm count and quality.

Changes in medication: Changing medications or discontinuing medications that may be leading to the problem can improve sperm count.

Antibiotics: If an infection is the cause of a low sperm count, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the infection and stimulate sperm production.

Lifestyle Changes: Changes in lifestyle, such as quitting smoking, decreasing alcohol and drug consumption, and optimizing diet and exercise, can increase sperm count.

It is crucial to keep in mind that certain instances of low sperm count may have no identifiable cause and might not accept treatment. In such situations, assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF) could be considered. In addition, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional to determine the real root cause of a low sperm count and the most effective treatment.

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